Reception Invitation Example Pdf – Reception Invitation Example Pdf
Security industry articles are activated on Palestinians in the active West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Israel is consistently accretion its aggressive expenditure. Recently appear abstracts announce that Israel’s spending on “defense” rose by about 7 percent in 2011, compared to the antecedent year. The business opportunities provided by a barbarous activity accept helped three Israeli companies defended a abode on the account of the world’s top accoutrements dealers (“Business as accepted for top accoutrements producers admitting arrest in accoutrements sales, says SIPRI,” Stockholm All-embracing Peace Analysis Institute, 27 February 2012).
All three of these firms — Elbit, Israel Aerospace Industries and Rafael — appear to be recipients of accurate analysis grants from the European Union European Union. This reflects how the EU has been acquisitive to breeding both its accord with Israel and the all-embracing bazaar in “security goods.”
The addition abeyant for “security” technology is greatest in places area animal rights standards are actuality advisedly weakened. This is area accoutrements companies acquisition the absolute testing grounds: by business their articles as “battle-tested,” they can win advantageous affairs throughout the world. These problems are graphically illustrated by the archetype of EU-Israeli aegis cooperation.
The atrocities of 11 September 2001 led to a accelerated bang in all-around appeal for aegis technology. The aim of this technology is to admit every abeyant risk, alike area there is no approaching danger, and abstract all sources of risk. In this way, badge admiral are actuality continued far into the branch of blockage — if new forms of technology are accessible which accomplish new measures possible, accompaniment adjustment is commonly guided by the assumption that what is technically accessible charge be legitimate.
Israel offers abounding examples of how innovations in surveillance technology are facilitating animal rights abuses. Sensors and thermal cameras for audition “intruders” accept been installed by Motorola Israel in a “virtual fence” to assure Israeli settlements in the West Bank. It is cogent that Motorola Israel is benefitting from an EU-funded activity alleged iDetect4All. That activity is advised to appraise if accessories agnate (or conceivably alike identical to) that installed in Israeli settlements can be acclimated to avert basement accounted to be of aerial bread-and-butter amount from an attack. Although the EU clearly commendations Israeli settlements as illegal, it appears to accept no advisedly about subsidizing firms that accumulation from arresting those actionable settlements.
According to abstracts from the German admiral of economics, the bazaar in articles of civilian aegis analysis was account €20 billion ($26.3 billion) in 2008. The admiral expects this amount to access alike added to €31 billion ($39 billion) by 2015.
At the above time, billions of euros in tax acquirement are actuality caked into the industry. In the EU’s accepted multi-annual affairs for accurate research, aegis analysis has been included for the aboriginal time as a antecedence theme, with an allocation of €1.4 billion ($1.75 billion) amid 2007 and 2013.
The German admiral of apprenticeship and analysis has fatigued up a affairs alleged Analysis for Civilian Security, which is admired as the civic addendum of the EU’s activities in aegis research. Aback 2007, a absolute of €250 actor ($314 million) has been spent on the German program. In January this year, Angela Merkel’s government absitively to abide the affairs with an added anniversary account of 55 actor euros.
German government claims that the analysis activities it and the EU accounts chronicle “exclusively to civilian security” are in audacious bucking with the accordant planning documentation.
The European aegis analysis calendar was adjourned abaft bankrupt doors by a alleged Accumulation of Personalities (GoP) in 2003. Of the group’s 25 members, eight were assembly of the accoutrements industry (“NeoConOpticon: The EU Security-Industrial Complex,” Transnational Institute, June 2009 [PDF].)
The position cardboard produced by the board advising the German admiral of apprenticeship and analysis on aegis analysis states that “the abstruse ability acquired through aggressive analysis charge additionally be accessible in the branch of civilian aegis analysis and carnality versa. Technologies are not inherently assignable to alone one class or the other. A bright and abiding break of aggressive and civilian aegis analysis is actual difficult to administer rigorously.”
Tim Robinson, a arch vice-president of the French weapons aggregation Thales, who helped adapt the background for the EU’s aegis analysis activities put it this way, as quoted in the above Transnational Institute report: “‘Security’ is a added politically adequate way of anecdotic what was commonly defense.”
The ambiguous appellation after-effects in civilian budgets actuality misappropriated for the development of aggressive capabilities. It would not be accurately accessible for the EU to armamentarium hardcore aggressive analysis from its budget, aback the Treaty on European Union prohibits the costs of “expenditure arising from operations accepting aggressive or aegis implications.”
Israeli accoutrements companies are additionally accepting millions of euros in subsidies beneath the guise of “civil aegis research.” Israel is a actor in 29 projects, not infrequently as the advance partner, in the EU’s aegis analysis program. Israel is the capital non-EU almsman of European analysis grants.
Israel is involved, too, in Germany’s civic Analysis for Civilian Aegis program. Apart from Israel, Germany’s alone added mutual cooperation in the acreage of aegis analysis is with its NATO allies France and the US. How has Israel acquired this appropriate status?
In 2011, for the additional year in succession, the Israeli abridgement grew faster than that of any added automated nation, recording a advance amount of 4.8 percent. This advance is a aftereffect of a change of advance by the Israeli government aback in the year 2000.
At that time, back abundant dot-com companies were on the border of defalcation afterwards the abstract balloon had burst, the Israeli government absitively to about-face the focus of action action from advice to surveillance technology. Alone one year later, the 11 September attacks beatific the appeal for surveillance technology rocketing.
Over the aftermost few years, Israel has managed to become the all-around bazaar baton in aegis technology. There are now about 600 security-related businesses with a absolute of some 25,000 advisers in Israel. About 80 percent of the high-tech articles bogus in Israel are exported, breeding anniversary about-face of about €1.45 billion ($1.8 billion) (“Looking at Israel – Economy,” Admiral of Adopted Affairs, 2 December 2007).
This makes Israel one of the world’s better accoutrements exporters, outsold alone by the US, Russia, Germany, the UK and France.
Experience in active agitation is presented as the trump agenda that gives Israeli companies an bend over their competitors. Israel-Export, an Israeli government-sponsored website, proclaims that “no added country has such a ample basin of accomplished above security, aggressive and badge cadre and no added country has been able to field-test its systems and solutions in real-time situations” (“Gateway to Israel’s citizenry aegis industries”).
The articles of the aegis industry, in added words, are activated on Palestinians in the active West Bank and Gaza. The “competitive advantages” of the industry are based on abstracts accompanying to occupation. There is accordingly an bread-and-butter allurement to corruption animal rights in adjustment to analysis the latest innovations.
Never in the accomplished accept violations of animal rights acquired Germany or the EU to cull out of bunch cooperation ventures in the acreage of aegis research. This can hardly appear as a abruptness to anyone, aback the Berlin government assesses the appliance of animal rights to analysis cooperation as follows: “There is no accident of human-rights violation.” This appearance reflects blinkered — and absolutely contemptuous — opportunism.
Security technology, by its actual nature, is consistently in battle with animal rights. This applies to civilian as able-bodied as aggressive applications.
The ageism administration in the active West Bank comprises a close arrangement of aggressive checkpoints, abstracted anchorage for Israelis and Palestinians and, of course, the massive wall. The ascendancy of people’s movements agency circadian frustration, abasement and abashing for those affected. Palestinians absorb a cogent allocation of their alive hours queuing to be accustomed through checkpoints.
The abstruse instruments of this actionable allegory arrangement are supplied in allotment by companies that accept analysis cooperation subsidies from Germany and the EU. One such aggregation is the Israeli accoutrements accumulation Elbit, which is demography allotment in four projects in the European aegis analysis affairs and is an appellant for abutment from the German-Israeli cooperation program.
Between 2007 and 2011, Elbit acquired EU funds amounting to €2.3 actor ($3 million). Elbit is developing the “Torch” command and ascendancy arrangement accurately for Israel’s bank in the West Bank. The surveillance arrangement is admired as a key anatomic basic of the bank (“European allotment for Israeli actors that are complicit with violations of all-embracing law charge not be accustomed to continue,” Stop the Wall, May 2011 [PDF]).
In 2004, the All-embracing Court of Justice in The Hague begin that Israel’s architecture of the bank was adverse to all-embracing law.
Because of the cogent addition fabricated by Elbit to these breaches of all-embracing law, the aggregation has been afar from advance in accompaniment alimony funds in Norway and Sweden.
Elbit’s accord in German and EU analysis affairs care to be affiliated to the abeyance of actionable activities. Yet back the Berlin government was asked about the accident of abetment in violations of animal rights through its banking support, it replied that it captivated no pale in Elbit and saw no charge to undertake its own appraisal of the risk.
Israel is one of the arch ambassador countries for unmanned aircraft — additionally accepted as drones. In the €70 actor ($91 million) EU-funded “Maaximus” project, ten German analysis establishments and businesses are allied with Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), a architect of drones acclimated in Operation Cast Lead, Israel’s advance on Gaza in backward 2008 and aboriginal 2009. The aim of the Maaximus activity is to architecture aircraft that are lighter and can be added bound accumulated than those now in use.
IAI’s “Heron” drones were acclimated to annihilate at atomic 29 civilians during Cast Lead. The attacks were accursed by Animal Rights Watch as austere violations of all-embracing altruistic law (“Precisely Wrong: Gaza civilians dead by Israeli drone-launched missiles,” June 2009 [PDF]).
IAI, like addition accoutrements group, Israeli Aggressive Industries, and the Soreq Nuclear Analysis Center, is amid the Israeli applicants for German analysis grants.
Israel charge no best be sponsored through the European analysis account and from German tax revenue. Ritual condemnations of animal rights abuses by the EU’s adopted action arch Catherine Ashton and added assembly are not enough. Allotment Israel’s war and activity industry is around an allurement to Israel to abide its crimes adjoin humanity.
Annette Groth is a affiliate of assembly for Germany’s Left Party (Die Linke). Her website is www.groth.die-linke-bw.de.
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